A characteristic of homers style is the use of epithets, as in rosyfingered dawn or swiftfooted achilles. Telemachus is initially described as being a child in his mothers house, not yet having become a man. Use of epithets in homers iliad and odyssey throughout the iliad and the odyssey, homers use of the epithet in describing odysseus becomes essential as a means of characterizing the hero. Throughout the poem, odysseus is a series of apparent contradictions, a much more complicated character than we would find in any stereotypical epic hero. Later in the same book, after odysseus builds his raft and sets out from. Homer uses several epithets, or nicknames, along with the name odysseus as the story unfolds in both tales. Odysseus goes into the forest to the remote clearing of the swineherd eumaius. For example, in the odyssey, eumaios sacrifice is signaled by the praise for his piety, which precedes a description of his performance of a lengthy sacrifice odyssey xiv 419432. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the odyssey and what it means.
Start studying odyssey characters patronymics and epithets. He fought with odysseus at troy and made it home safely, he claims, but a trip that he made later to egypt went awry, and he was reduced to poverty. Epithets are used because of the constraints of the dactylic hexameter i. Homeric poetry derives from oral traditions, but how these poetic traditions became fixed as texts. I need a list of all or most of the epithets used in the odyssey by homer. Use of epithets in homers iliad and odyssey essay bartleby. The odyssey is an epic poem and epic similes in the odyssey abound. By on the odyssey, book ii polytropy on november 24, 2019 at 7.
Only six books of the odyssey and one week left of trishs readalong. As a young man he loved adventure and war but not home and family. Literary devices of the odyssey book summaries, test. Conclusions on the telemachia books 14 rite of passage. This means that there are six metrical units, or feet, in each line. Epic similes are an elaborate comparison between two unlike objects using like or as. Odyssey book x continued epic conventions 112 minutes objectives. Book xiv ulysses now left the haven, and took the rough track up through the wooded country and over the crest of the mountain till he reached the place where minerva had said that he would find the swineherd, who was the most thrifty servant he had. The representations of sacrifice in the iliad cannot be appreciated as reflections of the practices of a particular society at a precise moment because of the lengthy and diffuse development of the homeric tradition, by which i mean the versions of the iliad and odyssey that have come down to us. The odyssey is fundamental to the modern western canon. Terms in this set 10 when odysseus arrives in ithaca whom does he visit first.
Homer lets us know right away that odysseus is being held as a willing sex captive on the island of the goddess kalypso. We learn that poseidon, god of the sea, holds a grudge though we dont know exactly why against odysseus and is making the guys voyage home a pretty difficult one. Here is this stranger, i do not know who he is, come wandering suppliant here to my house from the eastern or western people. This means that the odyssey contains more repetitions and is more homogeneous than the iliad. What is the literal meaning of the word malignant as it is used in the passage. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24 themes all themes fate, the gods, and free will piety, customs, and justice cunning, disguise, and selfrestraint memory and grief glory and honor. Page 287 line 19 epithet of dawn and the ship like a fourhorse. Use with the fitzgerald translation of odyssey only. How is telemachus described in book 1 of the odyssey answers. In book of the odyssey, odysseus wraps up his story and begins the next phase of his journey. The map shows just how many places and islands he visited. This quiz centers around the important ideas and events contained in this part of the story.
Figurative language in the odyssey consists of metaphors, personification, and epic or homeric similes. Eumaius yells at him and tells him that he almost got hurt. It is, in part, a sequel to the iliad, the other homeric epic. Students will develop vocabulary and close reading skills by working through their odyssey packets. Achilles, son of peleus, athena, daughter of zeus, menelaus, son of atreus, etc. There are many pigs in the pens and they are guarded by dogs. This table shows that nonhomeric texts contain much less repetition. This epithet is often repeated, emphasizing hectors skill as a warrior and how.
They are silent for a few seconds until alcinous speaks to assure odysseus that he will be returned safely to his home and to insist on even more gifts for the guest. The internet classics archive the odyssey by homer. Only the aphrodite hymn lies inside, but in the lower end of, the homeric range. Which of the following is an example of an epithet. As a man aches for his evening meal when all day long his brace of winedark oxen have dragged the bolted plowshare down a fallow field how welcome the setting sun to. Homer wrote the odyssey in a poetical meter called dactylic hexameter. Early in odyssey 5, hermes, as he flies off to calypsos island, is compared to a bird skimming the ocean in search of fish.
He complains that he has been wasting away in the forest while his. Epic similesepithets in book 9 of the odyssey, odysseus. Students will become familiar with the craft of the epic by reading about epithets and practicing writing their own epic epithets. Ulysses now left the haven, and took the rough track up through the wooded country and over the crest of the mountain till he reached the place where minerva had said that he would find the swineherd, who was the most thrifty servant he had. Books 14 cliffsnotes study guides book summaries, test. When hector, prince of troy, is first introduced in book 2 of the iliad, he is described as brighthelmeted. Years after the end of the trojan war, the greek hero odysseus still hasnt come home to ithaka. Terms in this set 25 the clear eyed goddess athena son of cronos zeus who marshals the thunderheads zeus. Several divine forces in the homeric poems are described by similes, such as the river xanthus, the old man of the sea in book 4 of the odyssey 4, or the god sleep 14. The dogs snarl at him and odysseus throws a rock at them. Occurrences are fairly evenly divided across the iliad and odyssey 14711018, but unsurprisingly, the odyssey has fewer types 523011. The odyssey book 14 literary elements in book 14 odysseus encounters his old swineherd eumaios.
In the odyssey book 6 what is an epithet for nausicaa. Composed shortly after the iliad and divided in 24 books, the odyssey was defined as an epilogue longinus 9. Only the swineherd did not please to leave his pigs, and go to. The notion of hospitality is so strong in the world of the odyssey that guests can even be considered part of ones family. While they have dinner eumaios talks about his master, he then asks about odysseus origins. Ive been listening to ian mckellen read the epic to me on audio and using the corresponding fagles translation in print as a supplement. Greek society was patrilineal lineage traced through the father and patriarchal ruled by men. This is a special kind of homeric epithet used frequently in the iliad and the odyssey. Epic similesepithets in book 9 of the odyssey, odysseus is. A simple list of these lines amounts to a useful cast of characters, and the descriptive detail and rhetoric of praise in them is remarkably informative about the hierarchy and value system of the poems.
Odysseus thebeggar tells eumaeus that he was born in crete, the unlawful son of a rich man and a concubine. Composed around 700 bc, the odyssey is one of the earliest epics still in existence and, in many ways, sets the pattern for the genre, neatly fitting the definition of a primary epic that is, one that grows out of oral tradition. Epithets from odyssey books 1 to 12 fagles translation. Questions for odyssey part 1 test paso robles high school. Maddie black and emma liston book important epithets, figurative language and powerful diction. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
This is in contrast to an earlier meal odyssey xiv 7480, in which there are no references to prekill actions or divinities. The battles that the epic hero has with hostile gods, forces of nature, and monsters are called 9. Eumaios welcomes him in his hut not knowing that that he is his master. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. The odyssey is a fundamental work in the modern western canon, being the oldest extant piece of western literature, second to the iliad.
Describe characters and epithets in the odyssey flashcards. Tracking the odysseya s plot through dawns epithets. Homer uses the various colorful epithets to fit in with. Odyssey characters patronymics and epithets flashcards. Homer uses the various colorful epithets to fit in with the meters rhythm. Women had less power and occupied a subordinate status. He is in despair about the state of affairs in his house, and does not yet think he can do. Each island was its own small city, and odysseus and his men affected each one differently. The poet invokes the muse to help him tell the story of odysseus. What tone of voice does odysseus express in the left column and top right, too during his.78 226 1445 1329 1016 613 196 973 898 806 1113 764 1406 1505 817 355 922 412 275 551 1147 1417 458 1015 1436 1132 460 541 1463 583 1246 1017 752 1439 1196 941